IG Farben – Buna factory In 1941 the chemical group IG Farben decided to construct an immense factory complex near the town of Auschwitz. Solahütte The Solahütte was a recreation resort some 30 km from the camp complex. The German camp staff of Auschwitz regularly went to this place on weekends. Auschwitz III – Monowitz To reduce ‘commuting’, IG Farben had the Auschwitz III-Monowitz concentration camp built on the southern edge of the factory complex in 1942. Neue Rampe This unloading ramp at Auschwitz II-Birkenau only opened in May 1944. Oświęcim In 1939 the town of Oświęcim, the original Polish name for Auschwitz, had a population of about 13,000. Auschwitz I In April 1940, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of a concentration camp at a Polish barracks in Auschwitz. Rajsko Bio-industry in Rajsko, but also in Harmęże, Budy, Pławny and Babice, villages near Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Industriehof – Krupp In 1942 Krupp constructed a workshop on the site to manufacture shell casings. Auschwitz-Birkenau In 1941 the SS was provided with the resources it needed to expand the original camp (Auschwitz I) and construct a new one for 125,000 people. Judenrampe & Bahnhof West The Judenrampe located between Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau was the first arrival point for convoys. It was here that some 800,000 people arrived and underwent selection IG Farben district In 1943 a new district, that could house 6,000 company employees of IG Farben, was built.